Applied and basic animal science are inextricably linked in theory, but in practice, there has been an unsettling rift between these two disciplines. Management has suffered from a lack of rigorous scientific methodology, and a failure to incorporate some basic biology of animals into studies and recommendations. For species in decline, effective management requires better understanding of the proximate and ultimate factors that influence habitat selection, reproductive success, and demography rates. An understanding of animal behavior can be used to create better survey methods, target specific areas for protection and restoration, and inform harvest recommendations. At the same time, basic researchers seldom focus on conservation implications, either before or after studies are conducted. Fortunately, conservation efforts are becoming increasingly sophisticated, and basic science is demanding broader impacts from research.
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